Household of William Donaldson, 1880
Screenshot of the June, 1880 Federal census for West Covington (Ludlow), Kentucky, showing the crowded household of William Donaldson. William, age 38, is the foreman at a foundry, and his parents were born in Scotland and England. Wife Hannah (Tempest), age 38, is English-born, and they were married in April 1871, when Edward was almost four. Son Edward, age "14" (born May 1867), shows no evidence that his surname is anything other than Donaldson. His mother is English, but it says his father is from Ohio. That would be correct if his father is William Donaldson, but if his father is Justus Schwab, then that entry should read "Mississippi". Despite his young age, Edward seems to have a job at a telegraph company.